It is assumed that the most ancient combs were fish skeletons. One of the most ancient combs was found during excavations in the territory of Ancient Rome, it was made of animal bone with hand-carved eight teeth. Later combs were made of wood, coral, ivory, animal horn, tortoise shell. (In 1870 celluloid was invented which completely changed the production of combs.)
During the Renaissance a comb transformed from an ordinary tool for hair care into a luxurious accessory, decorated with gems. Since the 16th century, the daily grooming ritual known as the toilette (from the toile or cloth spread on the table during the various dressing activities) was taken very seriously and formed a kind of semipublic ceremony. The importance of this custom was expressed in the creation of costly toilette services comprising numerous matching pieces, including a variety of boxes, nécessaires, small travel cases containing objects deemed necessary for toilette.